Fishing gear is always selected individually. It all depends on which reservoir you plan to fish in, how you decided to do it, what kind of fish you intend to catch. The most common types of fishing gear are: float fishing rod, bottom fishing rod, spinning and fly fishing. Each of these varieties has a number of distinctive features concerning not only the fishing technique and the type of desired prey, but also the mandatory elements included in the design of the tackle.
So, the integral components of any float fishing rod suitable for catching any kind of fish from the shore or boat are: rod, fishing reel, fishing line, float, sinker and hook.
The choice of a rod for a float tackle depends on the experience of the fisherman and the technique that he is going to use when fishing. The ideal option for a beginner will be a fiberglass telescopic rod with a length of 4-6 m, equipped with pass rings and a specially designed strap for fixing the coil. Fans of fishing from the shore should give preference to a longer, but at the same time light rod, which will allow you to throw a hook with a bait attached to it over long distances. A heavy-duty fishing rod will be able to ensure the success of live bait fishing, which will help tame a large, greedily grabbing bait fish.
As for the reel, the most successful option for float fishing gear is considered to be an open inertia-free device. Any fishing line will do. Its thickness depends solely on how large trophies you plan to catch. The float can be of any length, shape and coloring. The choice of this element of float gear depends on weather conditions and the depth of the reservoir. The sinker should not sink the float. It is best for fishing with a float rod, a sinker – pellet is suitable. It is better to have several fishing hooks. They can be small and large, single and triple, thin and thick. The main thing is sharp.
Bottom fishing tackle, often referred to as a donka by the people, is used to catch fish from the bottom or in the immediate vicinity of it. The use of donkey is especially effective when fishing in reservoirs with a strong current. The design of the bottom tackle is similar to the “structure” of the float rod, the difference is only in the absence of a float. The fishing line tension indicates the bite to the fisherman.
Spinning is used mainly for catching predators, although quite peaceful fish are often caught on this fishing tackle. The design of the spinning rod includes: a rod that can be monolithic, composite or telescopic; a reel – inertial or inertia-free; a monofilament or braided fishing line; a bait – artificial or natural.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of bait when rigging a spinning rod. Live fish, various organisms living in the reservoir, worms or frogs can act as natural bait. Artificial baits are represented by a huge variety of oscillating and rotating spinners, twisters and vibro-tails, wobblers, spinnerbates and octopuses.
Fly fishing is used to catch fish that feed on insects falling into the pond in the upper layers of the water. The fly fishing tackle consists of a light two- or three-pronged rod, supplemented with pass rings, a reel, a fishing line, a fly fishing cord, an undergrowth and a hook with an artificial bait – fly planted on it.
When choosing elements for fly fishing gear, special attention should be paid to the cord. Floating varieties of them are used for fishing in shallow reservoirs or near the surface of the water. Sinking cords are used when fishing in bottom layers and reservoirs with a strong current. It is important to choose the right front sight. It can be dry (floating on the surface) and wet (rapidly disappearing into the water column). Dry fly is used mainly on reservoirs with a calm current, wet – when fishing in mountain rivers with a strong current or in stagnant water.